ku Kuwait Factors and Information that Counts.
Factors From The World Factbook -- Kuwait
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Kuwait    Introduction Top of Page
Background: Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that completely liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait has spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.
Kuwait    Geography Top of Page
Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates: 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Map references: Middle East
Area: total:  17,820 sq km land:  17,820 sq km water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries: total:  464 km border countries:  Iraq 242 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Coastline: 499 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Persian Gulf 0 m highest point:  unnamed location 306 m
Natural resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Land use: arable land:  0% permanent crops:  0% permanent pastures:  8% forests and woodland:  0% other:  92% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April; they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified:  Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping
Geography - note: strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
Kuwait    People Top of Page
Population: 2,041,961 note:  includes 1,159,913 non-nationals (July 2001 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years:  28.76% (male 299,080; female 288,125) 15-64 years:  68.82% (male 897,839; female 507,527) 65 years and over:  2.42% (male 31,843; female 17,547) (2001 est.)
Population growth rate: 3.38% (2001 est.) note:  this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates
Birth rate: 21.91 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Death rate: 2.45 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Net migration rate: 14.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth:  1.04 male(s)/female under 15 years:  1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years:  1.77 male(s)/female 65 years and over:  1.81 male(s)/female total population:  1.51 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 11.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population:  76.27 years male:  75.42 years female:  77.15 years (2001 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.2 children born/woman (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.12% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Nationality: noun:  Kuwaiti(s) adjective:  Kuwaiti
Ethnic groups: Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 45%, Shi'a 40%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
Languages: Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Literacy: definition:  age 15 and over can read and write total population:  78.6% male:  82.2% female:  74.9% (1995 est.)
Kuwait    Government Top of Page
Country name: conventional long form:  State of Kuwait conventional short form:  Kuwait local long form:  Dawlat al Kuwayt local short form:  Al Kuwayt
Government type: nominal constitutional monarchy
Capital: Kuwait
Administrative divisions: 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al Farwaniyah, Al 'Asimah, Al Jahra', Hawalli
Independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)
National holiday: National Day, 25 February (1950)
Constitution: approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
Legal system: civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: adult males who have been naturalized for 30 years or more or have resided in Kuwait since before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21 note:  only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; in 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized for 30 years were eligible to vote for the first time
Executive branch: chief of state:  Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 December 1977) head of government:  Prime Minister and Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah (since 8 February 1978); First Deputy Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 17 October 1992); Deputy Prime Ministers JABIR MUBARAK al-Hamud Al Sabah (since NA) and MUHAMMAD KHALID al-Hamed Al Sabah (since NA) cabinet:  Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the monarch elections:  none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch
Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections:  last held 3 July 1999 (next to be held NA 2003) election results:  percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 50; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly
Judicial branch: High Court of Appeal
Political parties and leaders: none; formation of political parties is illegal
Political pressure groups and leaders: several political groups act as de facto parties: Bedouins, merchants, Sunni and Shi'a activists, and secular leftists and nationalists
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission:  Ambassador (vacant) chancery:  2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008 telephone:  [1] (202) 966-0702 FAX:  [1] (202) 966-0517
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission:  Ambassador Richard H. JONES embassy:  Bayan, near the Bayan palace, Kuwait City mailing address:  P. O. Box 77 Safat, 13001 Safat, Kuwait Unit 69000, APO AE 09880-9000 telephone:  [965] 539-5307, ext. 2240 FAX:  [965] 538-0282
Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side
Kuwait    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: Kuwait is a small, relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of about 94 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 90% of export revenues, and 75% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Higher oil prices put the FY99/00 budget into a $2 billion surplus. The FY00/01 budget covers only nine months because of a change in the fiscal year. The budget for FY01/02, which begins 1 April, contains higher expenditures for salaries, construction, and other general categories. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country.
GDP: purchasing power parity - $29.3 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 6% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $15,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture:  0% industry:  55% services:  45% (1996)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%:  NA% highest 10%:  NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2000)
Labor force: 1.3 million (1998 est.) note:  68% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 1998 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Unemployment rate: 1.8% (official 1996 est.)
Budget: revenues:  $11.5 billion expenditures:  $17.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY01/02)
Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Industrial production growth rate: 1% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production: 31.567 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel:  100% hydro:  0% nuclear:  0% other:  0% (1999)
Electricity - consumption: 29.357 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1999)
Agriculture - products: practically no crops; fish
Exports: $23.2 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Exports - commodities: oil and refined products, fertilizers
Exports - partners: Japan 23%, US 12%, Singapore 8%, Netherlands 7% (1999)
Imports: $7.6 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Imports - commodities: food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Imports - partners: US 15%, Japan 10%, UK 7%, Germany 7% (1999)
Debt - external: $6.9 billion (2000 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $27.6 million (1995)
Currency: Kuwaiti dinar (KWD)
Currency code: KWD
Exchange rates: Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.3057 (January 2001), 0.3067 (2000), 0.3044 (1999), 0.3047 (1998), 0.3033 (1997), 0.2994 (1996)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
Kuwait    Communications Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use: 412,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 210,000 (1997)
Telephone system: general assessment:  the quality of service is excellent domestic:  new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, open wire, and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait, and the country is well supplied with pay telephones international:  coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; linked to Bahrain, Qatar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 2 Arabsat
Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios: 1.175 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Televisions: 875,000 (1997)
Internet country code: .kw
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2000)
Internet users: 100,000 (2000)
Kuwait    Transportation Top of Page
Railways: 0 km
Highways: total:  4,450 km paved:  3,590 km unpaved:  860 km (1999 est.)
Waterways: none
Pipelines: crude oil 877 km; petroleum products 40 km; natural gas 165 km
Ports and harbors: Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Kuwait, Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi, Mina' Su'ud
Merchant marine: total:  45 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,461,072 GRT/3,966,645 DWT ships by type:  bulk 1, cargo 6, container 6, liquefied gas 7, livestock carrier 5, petroleum tanker 20 (2000 est.)
Airports: 8 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways: total:  4 over 3,047 m:  2 2,438 to 3,047 m:  2 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total:  4 1,524 to 2,437 m:  1 under 914 m:  3 (2000 est.)
Heliports: 3 (2000 est.)
Kuwait    Military Top of Page
Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police Force, National Guard, Coast Guard
Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age
Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49:  780,559 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service: males age 15-49:  466,521 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually: males:  18,309 (2001 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure: $1.9 billion (FY00/01)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 8.7% (FY00/01)
Kuwait    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: in November 1994, Iraq formally accepted the UN-demarcated border with Kuwait which had been spelled out in Security Council Resolutions 687 (1991), 773 (1993), and 883 (1993); this formally ends earlier claims to Kuwait and to Bubiyan and Warbah islands

* based on information from the CIA World Factbook
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